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Madrid, the beating heart of Spanish culture.


The history of Madrid dates back to the 9th century A.D. when a small settlement near the Manzanares River was established by the Moors. In the 12th century Alfonso VI conquered the area from the Muslims, and by 1202 Madrid took on city status. Madrid served as the capital of the Spanish Empire from 1561 until 1714, when the title was briefly moved to nearby Toledo.


In the 19th century, the population boomed and vast new neighborhoods were built. Madrid served as the capital of the newly formed First Republic, and in the early 20th century Modernism affected the architecture of the city.


In the 1930s, Madrid was divided into two districts by the army of Francisco Franco. For much of the decade, the city was under tight military control as Franco consolidated his power. Following the Spanish Civil War, Madrid remained the capital of the Franco regime until the mid-1970s, when the dictator died and a democracy was established.


In the last few decades Madrid has become a major cultural and economic hub in Europe. It has experienced a massive influx of immigrants and is the site of the largest foreign population in the continent. The city has become a popular tourist destination, hosting millions of visitors each year.


Madrid is known for its many cultural and historical attractions, including grand squares, beautiful parks, opulent theaters, iconic restaurants, and bustling nightlife.



Madrid has gone through numerous cultural, economic, and political changes. It was largely untouched by the Spanish Civil War in the 1930s, allowing it to maintain its historic architecture, including the spectacular Royal Palace.


The city is home to some of the world’s greatest art galleries, including the Prado and Reina Sofia, both of which are must-sees for visitors to Madrid. The city is also known for its great nightlife, with an array of small bars, clubs, and theatres. But Madrid is also one of the greenest cities in Europe, thanks to its many parks, gardens, and boulevards, making it a perfect place to relax.


Madrid is the beating heart of Spanish culture and cuisine, and it offers something for everyone. Whether you’re looking to soak up the atmosphere, take in the art, enjoy some tapas, or just soak up the sun, Madrid will have something to offer.'


Things to do Madrid


1. Explore the Palacio Real (Royal Palace): Located in the heart of Madrid, the Royal Palace is an impressive structure dating back to the 18th century. Take a guided tour to discover the ornate furnishings and magnificent art collections of Spain’s former monarchy.


2. Wander Through the Prado Museum: Hosting more than 7,000 pieces of artwork, the Prado Museum is Madrid’s most prestigious art museum. Spend the day admiring the works of Velázquez, Goya, Bosch, and Rembrandt.


3. Admire the Temple of Debod: This ancient Egyptian temple dates back to the 2nd century BC and was gifted to the Spanish by the Egyptian government in the 1960s. The temple is located in Parque del Oeste and is a popular attraction among visitors.


4. Visit the Plaza Mayor: The Plaza Mayor is one of the city’s most iconic squares. The Baroque architecture and shopping arcades make for a great spot for walking around and snapping a few pictures.


5. Try Some Tapas: Spain’s famous tapas are small plates of food served with wine or beer. Try some of Madrid’s best tapas at any of the numerous bars located throughout the city.


6. Explore Retiro Park: Retiro Park is Madrid’s most popular park and host to a number of activities such as concerts.


By Cristina Webb

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