Athens, the historical capital of Western Civilisation.
Athens the capital of Greece dates back to antiquity. the birthplace of democracy, arts, science and philosophy of western civilisation. Home of Plato, Socrates, Pericles, Euripides, Sophocles, Aeschylus. Athens is one of the world’s oldest cities. It’s recorded history spanning around 3.400 years and it is being inhabited since the 11th millennium B.C. Today, under the shadow of Parthenon, the contemporary urban scenery of the sprawling city reflects its exciting history, its multi- cultural modern personality.
The city dates back to antiquity, as it was established as the capital of ancient Greece in 8th century BC. It was the center of Classical Greek culture, politics, architecture and philosophy. Athens was the home of many great philosophers who developed the foundations of Western culture.
Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world and its history spans more than 3,400 years. It was first inhabited during the Neolithic period, and later became the strategic center of the ancient Greek world. In addition, the city was the birthplace of major concepts in politics, philosophy, and art. Its monuments, monuments and Ancient Agora are some of the most famous in the world.
Greek culture is one of the most emblematic in the world. You will travel back in time discovering that Greek land was occupied from prehistoric times; the marvels of classical Greek culture; the glory of the Byzantine Period as well as the country’s modern history. In fact, Greece is an open museum thanks to its numerous sites.
Archaeological research is an ongoing process. Treasures from another era are constantly coming to light giving us a wider understanding of the historical evolvement of the Greek world. Get to know tthe wealth and significance of Greek culture that are on display in countless museums scattered across the country.
Athens is also an important city in the modern world and has a vibrant nightlife. It is home to many museums, galleries, and cultural events. Additionally, it has an active music scene as well as a thriving street art community. It is also home to many baroque, neoclassical and modern architectural wonders including the Parthenon, the Acropolis, the Temple of Hephaestus, and the Temple of Poseidon.
In addition to its historical importance, Athens is a major economic hub of Greece. Its port of Piraeus is the largest in Greece and a major hub for trade from the eastern Mediterranean. It is also a popular city for tourists, who come to explore its archaeological sites, museums and diverse culture.
Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece, and is located on the Plain of Attica, an area of rolling hills and valleys. It has a rich history and is home to some of the most famous ancient monuments in the world, such as the Acropolis and the Parthenon. The streets of Athens are lined with a mix of ancient ruins, medieval churches and modern dwellings, shops, cafes and restaurants. The main shopping street is Ermou, where you can find a variety of shops selling fashion, jewellery and souvenirs. Athens is a vibrant cosmopolitan city and there are plenty of things to do and see here. Spend a few hours strolling around the Acropolis, check out the archaeological excavations at the National Archaeological Museum or simply spend your days browsing the shops or exploring the countless cafes and taverns. You’ll also find plenty of art galleries and museums, and don’t forget the vibrant nightlife. When it comes to the food, Athenians love their traditional fare, such as souvlaki and moussaka, as well as a wide selection of Greek wines. Fresh seafood is also an option. It’s important to take into account the safety of Athens, as the crime rate is quite high so it’s important to be aware of your surroundings. Also, most visitors should avoid leaving large amounts of money or valuables in plain sight. Be careful in Athens at night, stay in well-lit areas and always walk with a friend if possible. Overall Athens is a vibrant, exciting city, with a wealth of history and a modern edge. It can be intimidating at first, but once you get to know it well, it’s a great place to spend a few days or longer. Enjoy!
Historical Walking in the City Centre
The tour starts at the Temple of Olympian Zeus (6th c. B.C.), one of the largest in antiquity and close by Hadrian’s Arch (131 A.D.), which forms the symbolic entrance to the city. From there, walking along Dionysou Areopaghitou Street (on the south side of the Acropolis) you pass the ancient Theatre of Dionysos (5th c. B.C.) where most of the works by Sophocles, Euripides, Aeschylos and Aristophanes were performed. Continuing, you will reach the ruins of the Asklepieion (5th c. B.C.) and the Stoa of Eumenes (2th c. B.C.) and from there the Odeion of Herodes Atticus, which was built in 161 A.D. and is nowadays the venue of the performances of the Athens Festival.
From there you climb up to the sacred rock of the Acropolis, the site of some of the most important masterpieces of worldwide architecture and art, the most renowned of which is the Parthenon temple. Apart from this, also impressive are the Propylaea, the temple of the Athene Nike and the Erechtheion, while you must not skip a visit to the Museum, located close to the Parthenon. Moreover, from the rock you have an impressive view of the city. Only 300m away from the sacred rock of Acropolis stands the impressive Acropolis Museum, one of the most important contemporary works of architecture in Athens. It is made of steel, glass and concrete and it houses 4,000 priceless finds from the Acropolis monuments that represent its history and function as the most important religious centre of ancient Athens.
Coming down from the Acropolis you arrive at the Areios Pagos, the most ancient law court of the world. Opposite it is Philopappou Hill, with its beautiful cobbled little roads and the Roman monument by the same name on its top, while close by is the Pnyx, where the citizens of ancient Athens used to assemble and exert their democratic rights. Walking farther along the pedestrian road you arrive at the Ancient Agora, which was the commercial, political and religious centre of ancient Athens. A visit to the archaeological site will give you the opportunity to become acquainted with the workings of Classical Athenian democracy and visit the stunning Temple of Hephaestus.
From there, via Ermou Street, you arrive at the Kerameikos, the largest cemetery of the ancient city, with impressive tomb sculptures and stelae. The Iridanos River, sacred in antiquity, runs through the archaeological site. However, our tour of enchanting Athens does not restrict itself only to these unique archaeological sites. Tired of all that walking and you want to dance. Nightclubs: 1. Astra Club: Located in the heart of Athens, Astra Club is a luxurious nightclub catering to the city’s high-end party scene. Offering a range of music from dance to R&B, there is something to please everyone who descends upon Astra. The club also offers private tables, a VIP area and state-of-the-art sound and lighting systems. 2. Six D.O.G.S: This contemporary rooftop club which is located in the heart of the city, boasts spectacular view of the Parthenon from it's secluded terrace. The industrialesque venue, with its urban vibe and graffiti walls, is built into the remains of an old brewery, transforming it into a unique and exciting destination. The club features a bar area as well as a dance floor and two stages hosting live music and DJ's. Hotels: St George Lycabettus Hotel: Located in the affluent area of Kolonaki, this 5-star property enjoy stunning views of the city and is within walking distance of some of Athens' most iconic attractions. With its elegant modern décor and tranquil atmosphere, this hotel is the perfect place to relax after a day of exploring the city. There is also a rooftop lounge that offers exquisite views of the Acropolis, as well as an on-site restaurant and bar. Acropol Hotel: This traditional hotel is located in the Plaka, the most popular neighborhood in Athens. This inviting hotel is surrounded by a number of ancient monuments, making it the ideal base for exploring the city. With modern rooms and amenities, it provides a home from home experience that is sure to help relax and unwind. There is a terrace bar with a view of the Acropolis and the city, which makes for an unforgettable evening. Restaurants: Funky Gourmet: Serving up traditional Greek dishes with a modern twist, this trendy restaurant is located in the up-and-coming neighborhood of Kerameikos. With its minimalist décor and menu that changes frequently, Funky Gourmet is one of the most innovative restaurants in the city. From inventive desserts to wacky dishes like spaghetti with fruit and Parmesan, this restaurant is a must-visit. Oraia Ellas: Located in the trendy area of Gazi, Oraia Ellas is an intimate bistro that serves up classic Greek cuisine with a modern twist. From the grilled octopus to the traditional moussaka, each dish is cooked to perfection. The restaurant is known for its fantastic service and is one of the few in Athens where you can experience authentic Greek hospitality.
Here are some of the Greek Islands worth seeing with links to information:
Greece is a popular destination not only because of its amazing islands but also because the mainland offers plenty of options for a memorable Mediterranean holiday! Explore unspoilt fishing villages full of tranquil charm, tower towns, traditional stone built villages or try the exciting city breaks on offer. Visit archaeological sites, learn more about the country's fascinating culture, travel along the spectacular coastline and enjoy its picture-perfect scenery! Information Here
by Roy Webb